Jasminum sambac or Sampaguita is a species of jasmine also known as the Arabian jasmine. It is a tropical flower and is the national flower of the Philippines. It is commonly cultivated for its attractive and sweetly scented flowers. In Philippines this flower is known as Sampaguita. In 1934 the Philippines government officially adopted Sampaguita as its national flower. This beautiful white flower blooms on a woody vine or shrub. The leaves are either oval or round in shape which grows on short stalks. Sampaguita blooms either individually or sometimes as in bundles of blossoms at the top of the twigs. It is also the national flower of Indonesia.

Facts About Sampaguita:

Like every flower Sampaguita blooms at night but withers shortly in day. Because of its sweet fragrance, Sampaguita is used for perfumes and teas. The essential oils from Sampaguita are similar to jasmine. Sampaguita flower do not bear seeds hence it is cultivated by cuttings.

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There’s a legend about Sampaguita flower that it is a flower that binds the lovers together. The two lovers said “Sumpa kita, ikaw lang ang iibign: (My pledge that you are the only one I will going to love) until death they fulfilled their promises, and then a white flower grows at the top of the lovers graveyard. Now it is known as Sampaguita or Pledge of Love.

Sampaguita is also used medicinally. Its scent is believed to relieve a many ailments including headaches and promotes feeling of wellbeing. Sampaguita roots were used in the treatment of snake bites. Its leaves and flowers have decongestant and antipyretic properties.

Why is the Sampaguita National Flower of Philippines?

Sampaguita flower becomes popular among the Filipinos because of its simplicity and as well as its fragrance.  It symbolizes every Filipino’s outlook and lifestyle. Everybody is thoroughly fond of making themselves clean and fresh. Sampaguita symbolizes purity and humility. Sampaguita garlands are used among Filipinos on various occasions including religious images, photographs of deceased and occasionally to graduating students as a form of bestowing honor.

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